Periodontal disease also known as gum disease is one of the most common human diseases. It is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bones that support the teeth. The mildest form of the disease is called Gingivitis, where the gums become red, swollen and bleed easily. This is usually caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment from a dental hygienist or dentist and good oral home care.
Untreated Gingivitis can lead to Periodontitis. Periodontistis produces a chronic inflammatory response that causes the tissue and bone supporting the teeth to break down causing swollen bleeding gums, loose teeth, abscesses and eventually tooth loss.
Research has shown that if left untreated, Periodontal disease can increase your risk of:
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Pregnancy complications.
At Dentistry on Sinclair we offer the Active Therapy Program to treat Periodontal Disease. The goal of this program is to:
- Avoid surgical intervention
- Avoid gum and/or tooth loss
- Prevent progression of the disease
- Prevent recurrence of this destructive disease
- Monitor gum tissue health
Treatments for Periodontal Disease include:
Professional Dental Cleaning: During a typical check-up your Registered Dental Hygienist will remove the plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line of all your teeth. When Periodontal Disease is present your Dental Hygienist will recommend more frequent cleanings.
Scaling and root planing: This is a deep cleaning performed under local anesthetic. Plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line are scraped away (scaling) and rough spots are smoothed (planing). This removes the bacteria and provides a clean surface for the gums to reattach to the teeth.
Education: Education is key in controlling gum disease. Home care will be reviewed with you and your Dental Hygienist will provide you with the knowledge and tools you need to maintain good oral health.